In a first step, we analyze factors influencing vulnerability and resilience in order to identify the heterogeneous needs of populations as well as the shortcomings of disaster prevention as practiced currently. On this basis, sources and challenges of volunteer commitment, of finding new volunteers, and of binding those to disaster management organizations are carved out. Based on the manifold motives and needs of the population, we are then developing adequate needs-based offers for new volunteer groups. At the same time, skill gaps for new volunteers and future developments of the structures of disaster management needed to integrate new forms of volunteering are identified.
The research project is entirely transcultural and transdisciplinary – the definitions of problems, the concepts, and the results are being developed in partnership with the involved actors in India and Germany at every stage of the project. Through a newly designed holistic approach and transdisciplinary methods, the perspectives and specific needs of the population are to be put into focus. To this end, the project combines a variety of scientific methods, such as secondary analyses, quantitative surveys, expert interviews, problem-centered interviews, participative workshops and focus groups, participant observation, as well as SWOP and demand analyses.