The Disaster Research Unit (DRU) analyses vulnerability and resilience as a process. The holistic approach takes into account the situation before, during and after a disaster in a comparative German-Indo perspective:
- What are the different needs (vulnerabilities) as well as self-help (resilience) of the people in the different phases?
- Who is supporting them in these different phases?
- Do the capacities of the aid organisations fit with the needs of the people?
- Case studies:
- Flooding in Saxony-Anhalt (Germany) and in Uttarakhand (India) in 2013
- Heat waves in Berlin (Germany) and Odisha (India)
Case Studies India
Odisha has been heavily affected by heatwaves and is one of the pioneering regions, where an integrated heat action plan was developed and implemented.
- Explorative surveys aim at illuminating different perceptions of vulnerabilities from actors involved and analyzing how the current actions are responding to the different needs among the population.
- Research will be focusing on different levels, i.e. state, district and local level, including the practitioners and population.
- Results will be discussed and put into perspectives with the German and international discourses on vulnerability and resilience.
The heavy flash floods of 2013 devastated many valleys and villages in the state of Uttarakhand.
- Research is carried out to better understand the local conditions of vulnerability and resilience four years after the disaster.
- By integrating the perceptions of various stakeholders including the local population the specific local socio-cultural contexts in different valleys before, during and after the event, diverging perceptions of the event as well as different capabilities for coping are taken into account to better understand the entangled causes and effects of the disaster.
- By contrasting the outcomes with the German Case Study, it is possible to point out more general and transcultural and more specific and local aspects.